Job Task Analysis

Job Task Analysis (JTA):
Is a procedure used by safety professionals and supervisors to review job methods and uncover hazards that:
a. May have been overlooked in the layout of the facility and in the design of machinery, equipment and work processes.
b. May have developed after the unit became operational.
c. May have resulted from changes in available work force.
Once the safety and health hazards are known, the proper solution can be developed.
Some solutions may be physical changes that control the hazards, such as enclosures to contain an air contaminant, or placing a guard over exposed moving machine parts. Others may be job procedures that eliminate or minimize the hazard, for example, safe stacking of materials. These will require training and supervision. The development of countermeasures will be discussed in detail later.

A Job Task Analysis is a procedure to make a job safe by:
a. Identifying the hazards or potential injuries or illnesses associated with each step of a job.
b. Developing a solution for each hazard that will either eliminate or control the exposure, probability, or severity.

The principle benefits that arise from a Job Task Analysis are as follows:
a. Provide individual training in safe, efficient procedures.
b. Instruct new personnel on health and safety procedures.
c. Prepare for planned safety and health observations.
d. Giving “pre-job” instructions to irregular jobs.
e. Reviewing job procedures after accidents occur.
New personnel must be trained in the basic job steps. They must be taught to recognize
the safety and health hazards associated with each job step and must learn the necessary precautions. There is no better guide for this training than a well prepared Job Task

All supervisors are concerned with improving job methods to increase safety, reduce costs,and increase mission effectiveness. The Job Task Analysis is an excellent starting point for questioning the established way of doing a job.

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