Conducting a Job Task Analysis

The Job Task Analysis (JTA) is an important accident prevention tool that works by finding hazards and eliminating or minimizing them before the job is performed, and before they have a chance to become accidents. Use your JT A for job clarification and hazard awareness,
as a guide in new personnel training, for periodic evaluation, and for retraining of senior personnel.

Set priorities for doing JTAs for jobs that have a history of many accidents, jobs that have produced disabling injury or death, and new jobs with no accident history. Here’s how to conduct the first part of a Job Task Analysis:

Step One: Sequence of Basic Job Steps

a. Break the task down into steps. Each of the steps of a job should accomplish some major part of the overall task. The task will consist of a set of movements. Look at the first set of movements used to perform a task and then determine the next logical set of movements.
For example, the job might be to move a box from a conveyor in the receiving area to a shelf in the storage area. How does that break down into job steps? Picking up the box from the conveyor and putting it on a handtruck is one logical set of movements, so it is one job step. Everything related to that one logical set of movements is part of that job step.

b. The next logical set of movements might be pushing the loaded handtruck to the storeroom. Removing the boxes from the truck and placing them on the shelf is another logical set of movements. Finally, returning the handtruck to the receiving area might be the final step in this type of job.

c. Be sure to list all the steps in a job. Some steps might be done each time – checking the casters on the handtruck, for example. However, that task is part of the job as a whole and should be listed and analyzed.

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