Hazard Identification Analysis

Hazard identification and analysis has several components. It is important that you properly identify your general liability exposures to loss so that you can focus in on the hazards that you might be facing. A systematic approach to this analysis is listed below for your consideration.

A. Analysis of Mission Elements:
1. Historical Data (Hazards by association):
2.. Logic (Hazards by analysis):
3. Intuition (Hazards by Observation):

B. Types of Hazards:
1. System Hazards:
2. Human Factor Hazards:
3. Mission Hazards:
4. Environmental Hazards:
5. Support Equipment Hazards:
6. Procedures:
7. Facilities:
8. Everyday Hazards:

C. Hazards By Virtue Of Energy:
1. Mechanical Energy:
2. Electrical Energy:
3. Thermal Energy:
4. Radiant Energy:
5. Chemical Energy:

D. Risk Analysis:
Once the hazards have been identified, we can conduct a risk analysis based on the
categories of: (1) Severity of Mishap, (2) Probability of Occurrence, and (3) Exposure. Use the following risk analysis values while you proceed through your unique situation for your company.

E. Risk Analysis Values
Mishap Severity (S)
o – No potential for damage or injury.
1 – Slight: <5%, no lost time.
2 – Minimal: 5% – 24%, lost time, no hospital.
3. – Significant: 25% – 50%, requires care.
4. – Major: 50% – 74%, permanent injury.
5 – Catastrophic: >75%, fatalities.

Mishap Probabilities (P)

o – Mishap impossible.
1 – Remote or unlikely under any conditions
2 – Unlikely under normal conditions.
3 – P=.50 (probability 50%) under normal conditions.
4 – P>.50 (probability greater than 50%) for chance of
occurrence.
5 – Very likely to happen.

Mishap Exposure (E)

o – No exposure.
1 – Below average amount of exposure.
2 – Average exposure.
3 – Above average exposure.
4 – Great exposure.

Risk = L x F x E
Values Risk Level

• 80-100 Very High
• 60-75 High
• 40-50 Substantial
• 18-36 Possible
• 1-16 Slight
• 0 None

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