Avoiding Rear-End Collisions – part two

This is our part two article of avoiding rear-end collisions deals with some of the rules of the road. Specifically this section deals with the speed of the car and the stopping distances that is required to maintain a safe distance. Obviously, these are approximations and very depending upon the auto, road conditions, weather conditions, and other environmental factors.

IV. The following rules of the road are guidelines to help you avoid rear-end collisions:

A. Car length:
1. One car length between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you for each
Ten (10) miles per hour your vehicle is traveling.

B. 3 to 4 second rule for road safety:
1. Allow 3 to 4 seconds between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you.

C. Double the distance:
1. For night driving, rain, fog, smoke, fatigue, and other limiting factors.

D. Triple the distance:
1. When the road surface has snow, packed snow, ice, or black ice.

E. Stopping at controlled intersections:
1. Always stop your vehicle so the front bumper does not extend into or over the
“Pedestrian lane” or the first “white line” in front of your vehicle.
2. Stop your vehicle so that you can see a minimum of two (2) feet of road surface between your vehicle and the first “white line” in front of your vehicle.

F. Stopping in traffic or at controlled intersections:
1. When another vehicle is stopped in front of your vehicle, always maintain a Minimum of one (1) vehicle length between your vehicle and the one in front of you.
2. When stopped in traffic you should always be able to see the following:
(a) The bumper and rear tires of the vehicle in front of your vehicle.
(b) A minimum of five (5) feet of road surface between your vehicle and rear Wheels of the vehicle stopped in front of you.

G. When stopped, keep your “right foot” on the brake pedal with pressure applied.

H. Do not take your right foot off the brake pedal and start to accelerate until the vehicle in front of you has started to move and is accelerating.

I. When starting in traffic, anticipate the vehicle in front of you will make a sudden stop.

J. Typical Stopping distances at various speeds.

Vehicle speed and Stopping distance
10 mph / 18 feet
20 mph / 52 feet
30 mph / 100 feet
40 mph / 169 feet
50 mph / 280 feet
60 mph / 426 feet

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